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When We Met Other Human Species

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We all belong to the only group of hominins on the planet today. But we weren’t always alone. 100,000 years ago, Eurasia was home to other hominin species, some of which we know our ancestors met, and spent some quality time with.
Thanks to Julio Lacerda and Fabrizio de Rossi from Studio 252mya for their wonderful hominin illustrations. You can find more of their work here: 252mya.com/
Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: usvid.net/u-pbsdigitalstudios
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References: docs.google.com/document/d/1h8iVAIugVPfxOcCZKeZxtZfa6mNP8V7xMhS_vxmDRl0/edit?usp=sharing

Science & Technology

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Jul 9, 2019

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Comments 5 438
PBS Eons
PBS Eons 2 months ago
Some commenters have pointed out that calling Neanderthals and Denisovans “other hominin species” in this episode breaks the rules of the biological species concept (BSC), which says if two things can interbreed, then they’re the same species. Some paleoanthropologists would agree. They consider both Neanderthals and Denisovans to be subspecies of Homo sapiens, rather than separate species. Other experts would say that Neanderthals have a set of features that make them clearly distinguishable from Homo sapiens, putting them outside the range of variation we include in our species. And we hardly know the Denisovans - like we said in the video, they don’t even have a scientific name yet. The incredible thing about this is that we can even think about applying the BSC to fossils at all. The BSC is a species concept based on living organisms, and it’s only been within the last two decades or so that we’ve had the ancient DNA and the technology to test hypotheses about interbreeding in extinct groups. And it’s not the only way to define a species, either, so it will likely be a while (if ever) before anthropologists decide whether we’re a different species, subspecies, or population from the Neanderthals and Denisovans. (Darcy Shapiro, PhD, script editor)
rh1507
rh1507 7 days ago
It seems illogical that our species could successfully breed with a different biped species. Of course there are several variations of our species but we are all of the same species.
Adela Hogarth
Adela Hogarth 8 days ago
They weren't different species. I'm a reptile handler enthusiast in Australia and there's perfect examples of one species looking so radically different, with vastly different hunting strategies, egg-clutching behaviour, and general size and appearance ... and yet they're the same species. The common carpet python and the diamond python. Both of them morelia spilota... Their personalities, colouration, hunting strategies, and even their average clutch sizes are wildly divergent. Both of them interbreed and produce fertile young. Both of them produce hybrids. That being said, in the wild they had become geographically locked into different environments with the Holocene epoch, and over thousands of generations have become very different looking and behaviourally incongruent subspecies of the whole. And these differences are worlds apart on their own, just not enough to create two distinct species. Another common example? Dogs. All of them have been carefully bred and undertaken significant animal husbandry that you can have dogs the size of your hand, to dogs that weigh as much as a person. Still the same species.
ChickenFish
ChickenFish 10 days ago
@Olav big cats can breed even hybrid ones male or female.theyre are more likely to be sterile.thats all. and species is a word used to describe compatible breeders. if 2 things can breed they are the same species
EastTexassurvival
EastTexassurvival 11 days ago
So...…...a Donkey and a horse are the same species?...……...just blew you up there.
Gordon Daniel
Gordon Daniel 11 days ago
I wonder if it's possible they didn't interbreed at all but rather are connected on a family tree. If natural selection happens would not the mutation have essentially the same dna as the parent? I'm not an expert, but I do find it interesting.
Berad Casteel
Berad Casteel 3 hours ago
OOOOORRRRRRRR, evolution!
oldcowbb
oldcowbb 9 hours ago
imagine how bad racism will be if other hominin still exist
zoky Zura
zoky Zura 12 hours ago
Wow this videos tell you so much about whole lot of nothing.
ZERO TWO Eto
ZERO TWO Eto 15 hours ago
i am not alone i got my mama
Eli Amos
Eli Amos 22 hours ago
Neanderthals On Corsica Cool!!
Hero4fun
Hero4fun 23 hours ago
I think my neighbour is a neanderthal, he looks exactly like the description from this video. Why should I do? Should I Call the police or capture him myself, show him to the world and win a nobel price?
Craig Banholzer
Is there a reason that the family tree is upside down in this presentation? At first, it seemed to represent two groups integrating in recent times.
Shen Support
Shen Support Day ago
I cannot stand when he calls them neandertalls when they are short. It is neanderTHALS not talls.
Tom Fuller
Tom Fuller Day ago
PBS could mess up a one naked man parade in a ghost town.
sherman squires
Have we really discovered fossils of Neanderthals? They are found in stone, right?
PRO TACTICS
PRO TACTICS Day ago
Is he pronouncing it as Neander-tall haha I cant hear the thal 'f' ....NeanderTHal.. tank you for reading my comment
Skyler Arroniz
Waite so the neanderthals mated with other humanoids in Siberia so then who are their ancestors. Where they already their or did they migrate? If they where already there then this whole life stared in Africa is not completely correct
Sterling Pickens
Which other humanoids/hominins, besides neanderthals and denisovans, did we interbreed with ? How many different humanoids/hominins lived during the same time as us ? it seems like it's not explored, but "others" is mentioned.
windeen
windeen 2 days ago
I don't get why people sometimes call them: NeanderTAL, when there is an "H" in it. Why put the ham H there if its silent.
Beauty Waters
Beauty Waters 19 hours ago
English at It's finest 😒😂
rationalguy
rationalguy 2 days ago
Pretty sure I have perhaps a bit more Neanderthal admixture than many. Northern European. prominent brow ridges. receding chin. Basically a troll.
Tommy Davies
Tommy Davies 3 days ago
we aren't the only ones there is so much complication and congregation and dilemmas all affecting the bigger picture
Tom Downer
Tom Downer 3 days ago
I wonder if, say, the Neanderthals weren't completely wiped out, that we would have still bred with them enough that we'd end up merging our species together?
J. Brice
J. Brice 3 days ago
i thought homo sapiens hunted the Neanderthals to the brink of extinction
The Skipper
The Skipper 3 days ago
He’s dressed like a 7 year old boy on the first day of school.
Nicholas Garcia
Ngl i think his fit drip drop 😂
PiousMoltar
PiousMoltar 3 days ago
"No evidence of violence" You know what humans are like right? Look at all the wars that have been fought in known history. Now throw another SPECIES of human into the mix. One that seemed to live a hunter gatherer lifestyle. Duh.
Bodfishblues
Bodfishblues 3 days ago
What about Bigfoot?
A.D.Prayer
A.D.Prayer 3 days ago
Do an updated episode about the village of pureblood Neanderthals Fountain deep in Siberia.
Mimas Impersonator
What?
Asian Apparition
Asian Apparition 4 days ago
So this is the fault of our most kinky ancestors: Homo Erectus
Pseudo Pulk
Pseudo Pulk 4 days ago
Otacon!
Rafael Galano
Rafael Galano 4 days ago
What about the Homo Luzonensis found in the Philippines? Uranium dating says it's way older than those early humans from Africa.
Devix
Devix 4 days ago
BTW that Africans have NO DNA from Neanderthals MAY be wrong since we know some homo sapiens actually left Europe and returned to Africa. More research is needed here but there might be populations with Neanderthal DNA in Africa too, just FYI.
Joe mama
Joe mama 5 days ago
I can’t lie I wish time travel was real so I could go back in time and see the first humans
gummy gwyn
gummy gwyn 2 days ago
Just don't sneeze nor cough anywhere near them
Ricky All Around Fisherman
So are we all hybrids?
drevni kocur
drevni kocur 5 days ago
Hominins
Krixx Set
Krixx Set 6 days ago
Sub-saharan africans contain admixture from ancient hominids not found in any other human population. Given the fact they contain no neanderthal DNA this seriously calls into question the "out of africa hypothesis....
Kidddkc 4100
Kidddkc 4100 6 days ago
What about Australia?
Sean Wellman
Sean Wellman 6 days ago
What's crazy is if you keep an open eye you'll get all this from every ancient religion and beliefs . Just different names and labels in each religion and beliefs
JN_Ghost_Art
JN_Ghost_Art 6 days ago
@PBS Eons if breeding with neanderthals kept europeans alive, how did people from africa end up with the same blood clotting ability, and lived on with the same abilities as europeans?
Mr. Mercury
Mr. Mercury 6 days ago
So basically Neanderthals were more effective animals but less effective sentient life forms. Gotcha.
R.S. Marcus
R.S. Marcus 6 days ago
I wonder if any Denisovan genes exist in the African tribes that have given us the most amazing marathoners and long distance runners? They have a miraculous physical makeup like no other modern humans.
steve154life
steve154life 6 days ago
I figured that Neanderthal had a form of art that waz of clothing and jewelry. First time seening a Neanderthal necklace, amazing it haz survived
Chris Ackerley
Chris Ackerley 7 days ago
All of us know people who clearly are descended from a more primitive branch of the human tree!
sephirotic87
sephirotic87 7 days ago
You keep saying "different species", isn't one of the main definition of species being abe to breed fertile offspring? If neandertal and humans crossbreed than they weren't different species, but different subspecies. This whole video is very confusing in this regard.
sephirotic87
sephirotic87 7 days ago
Nevermind, just saw the sticky comment.
Tim Baralis
Tim Baralis 7 days ago
There was probably a disease carried by modern homo sapiens that wiped out the neanderthals. After all, when Europeans arrived in North America smallpox decimated the native population of the continent. There were up to 90% death rates involved. It is plausible that could have happened with the neanderthals as well.
sevengance
sevengance 8 days ago
So sub Saharan Africans are pure human ???
CAN KILLER
CAN KILLER 8 days ago
Hey, I'm from Portugal and I can assure you that there's still some Neanderthals living here 😅
oskey
oskey 8 days ago
Neanderthals as well as Denisovans were simply assimilated over time given that Homo Sapiens were more numerous.
Kakhi Sanikidze
Kakhi Sanikidze 8 days ago
For a second I thought what it would be like if there were different species of humans on earth today but I quickly gave up. We are all humans inhabiting this planet but people still don’t treat each other equally because of racial differences.
SFjarhead
SFjarhead 9 days ago
I am asking this question out of total ignorance and I apologize if it comes across confrontational or racists, as that is not my intent... I see a lot of videos trying to explain the origin of "Species" and explanations for genes existing or not existing, but I haven't seen anything objectively scientific to explain the origin of "Race". Let's face it, what we call "race" does have its differences, how are scientists addresses the origins of those differences?
Michael Maddox
Michael Maddox 9 days ago
They were killed and chose/forced to breed with us more often. We were probably more sexually desirable and in some cases they just lost the war because of the lack of numbers. (my guess)
mausalus09
mausalus09 9 days ago
7:35; Molar and Long Bone, no pinky....
LizardMane
LizardMane 9 days ago
He said "Knee-And-Her-Talls"
Cityoftrashcans Is trash
If more then one species of human existed in modern day there would be wars waged over species and discrimination. Then, if you had 2 legs ima have children with ya.
Kelechi Agu
Kelechi Agu 9 days ago
Does this mean that the "one human race" phrase isn't factually correct?
Sami Rami
Sami Rami 9 days ago
So basically the real human are sub-Saharan africa people and the hybrids are everyone else !
The Sesh Gremlinz
The Sesh Gremlinz 10 days ago
Why do american's just ignore random letters in words? NeanderTHal, anTarctica so many others
Freedom Anderson
Freedom Anderson 8 days ago
He's pronouncing it correctly.
Dennis Morrison
Dennis Morrison 10 days ago
They still live, we used to have one on my job at an auto plant I worked at and he could speak like a modern human. Never let others tell you what is because you can only trust yourself.
John Wayne
John Wayne 10 days ago
When did life first see???
Army Animal Nerd MyDays
Evolution with all its science and evidence:🌍 Christians: 🖕
Iron Mountain
Iron Mountain 11 days ago
Not even one mention of the the Cro-magnon! I’m disappointed. #Croslivesmatter
Dire Dragon
Dire Dragon 11 days ago
Thousands of years later our species became separate
Magikarp Harbison
Magikarp Harbison 11 days ago
Lowkey think that there other human species out here just chilling.
Rosie Galbally
Rosie Galbally 12 days ago
01.07 true hipsters - wearing top knots before it was cool.
Shane Graham
Shane Graham 12 days ago
What would a relic populations of Neanderthal be like now? Turns out some Eskimo and Siberians are actually Neanderthal and don't even know it. ;)
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